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Ocular Disease

We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and injuries which affect the human eye and visual system.  Below are some examples of conditions where we have special training.


Dry Eye Syndrome  occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal.  In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem.  Treatment of this disease centers on relieving symptoms.  Unfortunately there is no cure.  Artificial tear lubricants or in some cases blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.   





Glaucoma occurs when the pressure inside of the eye increases to the point where it damages the sensitive retinal nerve fibers that line the back of the eye.  There are a multitude of tests that we provide to evaluate the possibility of Glaucoma.  For example, the light color found here, in the center of the optic nerve head is a classic observation found in Glaucoma.  Other tests include evaluation of the Nerve Fiber thickness around the optic nerve.  Threshold Field tests are also very important in diagnosing and providing the on-going evaluations needed to monitor the treatment program which most frequently includes the selection of the most appropriate eye medication. 



Diabetic Retinopathy 

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition where elevated blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls of the retina.  As such, the retinal blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, resulting in hemorrhages and swelling followed by the formation of yellow deposits known as exudates.   Vision can be lost where some of these hemorrhages and exudative spots occur.  The best treatment is to have a yearly eye examination to identify if these spots are present.  We carefully examine the back of your eyes and provide you with the results and additionally share these results with other physicians for a multidisciplinary treatment program.   



Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye.  This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens.  When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred.  There are many different types of cataracts.  The one shown here is a cortical cataract.  Here the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like spokes of a wheel.  Ultimately, the best  treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic man-made inplant lens.  This is referred to as cataract surgery.  We work closely with specialized eye surgeons.  We provide Pre- and Post- Cataract surgery management. 



Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the retina in the back of the eye loses blood circulation.  As a result, there is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region.  As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes.  This breakdown is due to a lack of nutrients and oxygen needed for the extreme number of light sensitive nerve cells concentrated in the central vision area.  Nicotin is known to shrink blood vessels and contributes to an additional risk factor for Macular Degeneration.  We provide specialized tests to evaluate your personal risks.  We can also provide health and nutritional counseling to reduce this risk.  In advanced cases, we work closely with specialized Retinal Surgeons who may be needed to treat Macular Degeneration.





Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped.  The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe.  This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins.  The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision.  Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface.  If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.




Our doctors are board certified and trained to have extensive study into the mechanism of the many diseases that affect the eye.  We provide both diagnosis and treatment for most of these conditions.  We also have hand picked specialists that we feel are exceptionally skilled at providing specialized care in complex cases.  Our services are available 5 days a week.  We also provide emergency care when injuries or complications occur in your eyes.   We accept major medical insurance as well as Medicare.